Which of the following dynamic routing protocols are Distance Vector routing protocols?
Among the given options, EIGRP and RIP are Distance Vector routing protocols.
A Distance Vector routing protocol is a type of routing protocol that uses information about the distance and direction (vector) to determine the best path for data to travel. In Distance Vector routing, routers exchange information about the networks they are connected to, and the routing table is based on the distance to those networks.
EIGRP (Enhanced Interior Gateway Routing Protocol) is a Cisco proprietary routing protocol that is classified as a hybrid routing protocol since it uses both Distance Vector and Link State routing protocols. EIGRP is considered as a more advanced and efficient version of the original Distance Vector protocol. It is capable of supporting multiple protocols and performs load balancing and route summarization.
RIP (Routing Information Protocol) is also a Distance Vector routing protocol that uses the hop count as a metric to determine the best path to a destination. The hop count is the number of routers that a packet must go through to reach the destination. RIP is a simple protocol that is easy to configure and deploy, but it has some limitations such as slow convergence and limited scalability.
IS-IS (Intermediate System to Intermediate System), OSPF (Open Shortest Path First), and BGP (Border Gateway Protocol) are examples of Link State routing protocols. In Link State routing, routers exchange information about their connectivity and use algorithms to calculate the shortest path to a destination. Link State protocols are considered more reliable and scalable than Distance Vector protocols.
In summary, the dynamic routing protocols that are Distance Vector routing protocols are EIGRP and RIP.