The Salesforce Platform App Builder credential is designed for individuals who would like to demonstrate their skills and knowledge in designing, building, and deploying custom applications using the declarative customization capabilities of the Lightning Platform. The candidate can create, manage, and update data models, application security, business logic, and process automation.
Here are some examples of the concepts you should understand to pass the exam:
How to design the data model, user interface, business logic, and security for custom applications
How to customize applications for mobile use
How to design reports and dashboards
How to deploy custom applications