Hierarchical Design in Large OSPF Networks: Reasons and Benefits

Reasons for Using a Hierarchical Design in Large OSPF Networks


Which three describe the reasons large OSPF networks use a hierarchical design? (Choose three.)



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A. B. C. D. E. F.


OSPF (Open Shortest Path First) is a widely used routing protocol in large enterprise networks. Hierarchical network design is commonly used to simplify the complexity of the network, reduce operational overhead, and improve network performance. Here are the reasons why large OSPF networks use a hierarchical design:

  1. To reduce routing overhead: In a large OSPF network with a flat design, every router has to maintain a complete topology database, which can lead to excessive routing overhead and slower convergence times. A hierarchical design, with multiple layers of routers, can reduce the size of the topology database and the amount of routing traffic, improving network scalability and performance.

  2. To confine network instability to single areas of the network: In a large OSPF network, a failure or instability in one part of the network can cause the entire network to become unstable. A hierarchical design can isolate the impact of such issues by dividing the network into smaller areas and restricting the scope of routing updates. This helps to contain network instability and minimize the impact on other areas of the network.

  3. To speed up convergence: In a hierarchical OSPF network, the distribution and core layers can provide faster convergence times compared to a flat network design. This is because the distribution layer routers can aggregate the routing information from the access layer and reduce the number of topology changes propagated to the core layer. In turn, the core layer routers can use a faster SPF algorithm to calculate the best path to the destination, resulting in faster convergence times.

Overall, a hierarchical OSPF network design provides several benefits, including reduced routing overhead, faster convergence times, and improved network stability. While reducing costs and simplifying router configuration are also desirable outcomes, they are not typically the primary reasons for using a hierarchical design.