Which authentication mechanism is available to OSPFv3?
Click on the arrows to vote for the correct answerA. B. C. D. E.
OSPFv3, also known as Open Shortest Path First version 3, is a routing protocol used to exchange routing information within IPv6 networks. It is an updated version of OSPFv2, which is used for IPv4 networks.
In terms of authentication mechanisms, OSPFv3 supports several options to secure the exchange of routing information between routers. These mechanisms include:
A. Simple passwords: OSPFv3 supports simple password authentication, which requires all routers in the network to use the same password. Simple password authentication does not provide strong security, as the password is sent in clear text and can be easily intercepted.
B. MD5: OSPFv3 also supports MD5 authentication, which provides stronger security than simple passwords. MD5 authentication uses a shared key that is hashed with the message to create a message digest. The message digest is then sent with the message, and the recipient router can verify the authenticity of the message by recomputing the message digest and comparing it to the one sent.
C. Null: OSPFv3 also supports null authentication, which means no authentication is used. This option provides no security and is not recommended.
D. IKEv2: Internet Key Exchange version 2 (IKEv2) is a protocol used to establish secure connections between routers in a network. OSPFv3 can use IKEv2 to secure the exchange of routing information.
E. IPsec AH/ESP: OSPFv3 can also use IPsec Authentication Header (AH) or Encapsulating Security Payload (ESP) to secure the exchange of routing information. AH provides authentication and integrity protection, while ESP provides authentication, integrity, and confidentiality protection.
In summary, OSPFv3 supports several authentication mechanisms, including simple passwords, MD5, null, IKEv2, and IPsec AH/ESP. The choice of authentication mechanism depends on the level of security required and the capabilities of the routers in the network.