Which four Cisco IOS features are used to implement First Hop Security in IPv6? (Choose four.)
Click on the arrows to vote for the correct answerA. B. C. D. E. F.
First Hop Security is a set of mechanisms that aim to secure the first hop of communication, which is the link between a host and its first router. In IPv6, several Cisco IOS features can be used to implement First Hop Security. Let's discuss each of the listed options in more detail:
A. IPv6 First-Hop Security Binding Table: This feature is used to bind a specific IPv6 address to a particular interface on a switch or router. This binding table can be populated with information from DHCPv6 servers, static entries, or Neighbor Discovery (ND) protocol messages. This mechanism helps prevent spoofing attacks by ensuring that only legitimate traffic from the bound source addresses is allowed to pass through the interface.
B. IPv6 Device Tracking: This feature is used to track the state of the hosts on the network. It can be used to detect the presence of unauthorized devices and mitigate attacks such as MAC address spoofing. Device tracking uses the ND protocol to monitor the presence of devices and their state (reachable or unreachable).
C. IPv6 RA Guard: This feature is used to prevent rogue routers from sending Router Advertisement (RA) messages on the network. RA messages are used by routers to advertise their presence and configuration information to hosts. Rogue RAs can be used by attackers to redirect traffic to malicious destinations or to launch denial-of-service attacks. RA Guard filters out unauthorized RAs and only allows valid ones to be processed.
D. SeND: Secure Neighbor Discovery (SeND) is an extension of the ND protocol that provides cryptographic security features to protect against a range of attacks, including spoofing, redirection, and denial-of-service attacks. SeND uses digital certificates to authenticate the identity of devices and prevent malicious actors from impersonating legitimate ones.
E. IPv6 Selective Packet Discard: This feature is used to selectively discard packets that do not conform to certain policies or rules. For example, packets with spoofed source addresses or packets that violate access control policies can be discarded. This feature helps prevent attacks such as IP spoofing and address spoofing.
F. IPv6 Source Guard: This feature is used to validate the source of packets received on an interface. It checks that the source IPv6 address of the packet is legitimate and is assigned to a device on the network. If the address is not legitimate, the packet is discarded. This feature helps prevent spoofing attacks and can be used in conjunction with the IPv6 First-Hop Security Binding Table to ensure that only legitimate traffic from known sources is allowed on the network.
In summary, the four Cisco IOS features used to implement First Hop Security in IPv6 are IPv6 First-Hop Security Binding Table, IPv6 Device Tracking, IPv6 RA Guard, and SeND. These features help protect against a range of attacks that exploit vulnerabilities in the first hop of communication. Selective Packet Discard and IPv6 Source Guard are also useful features that can be used in conjunction with the others to provide additional layers of security.