During the establishment of an Easy VPN tunnel, when is XAUTH performed?
Click on the arrows to vote for the correct answerA. B. C. D.
During the establishment of an Easy VPN tunnel, XAUTH (Extended Authentication) is performed in the initial phase of the IKEv1 or IKEv2 negotiation process. This allows for the remote client to authenticate with the VPN gateway using a username and password, in addition to the pre-shared key or digital certificate that is used for authentication between the two VPN gateways.
Answer C is the most accurate in this case. XAUTH is performed at the end of Phase 1 and before Phase 2 starts in both IKEv1 and IKEv2. In IKEv1, Phase 1 negotiates the security association (SA) parameters and establishes a secure channel between the VPN gateways. XAUTH is performed as an optional step within Phase 1, after the authentication method (such as pre-shared key or digital certificate) has been agreed upon. After XAUTH is completed, Phase 1 continues to establish the SA.
In IKEv2, Phase 1 and Phase 2 are combined into a single exchange. The IKEv2 exchange is divided into a number of message exchanges, referred to as Initiator and Responder exchanges. XAUTH is performed during the Initiator exchange as an optional step, after the initial exchange of the security parameters.
In summary, XAUTH is performed during the initial phase of the IKEv1 or IKEv2 negotiation process, after the authentication method has been agreed upon, and before the establishment of the security association (SA) parameters. Answer C is the most accurate as it correctly identifies that XAUTH is performed at the end of Phase 1 and before Phase 2 starts in both IKEv1 and IKEv2.