Secure End-to-End Communications with VPNs

Open Standard Protocol Framework

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Which protocol is an open standard protocol framework that is commonly used in VPNs to provide secure end-to-end communications?



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A. B. C. D.


The correct answer is B. IPsec.

IPsec (Internet Protocol Security) is an open standard protocol framework that is commonly used in VPNs (Virtual Private Networks) to provide secure end-to-end communications. VPNs are used to connect remote networks or individual users to a corporate network over the internet or other public networks, and they provide a secure way to access corporate resources from anywhere in the world.

IPsec uses a combination of protocols to provide secure communications, including Authentication Header (AH), Encapsulating Security Payload (ESP), and Internet Key Exchange (IKE). AH provides data authentication and integrity, while ESP provides data confidentiality, authentication, and integrity. IKE is used to establish the IPsec security associations (SAs) that are used to encrypt and decrypt data.

IPsec can be implemented in two modes: Transport mode and Tunnel mode. In Transport mode, only the data payload is encrypted, while in Tunnel mode, the entire IP packet is encrypted and encapsulated within another IP packet. Tunnel mode is typically used to create a VPN between two networks, while Transport mode is used to create a VPN between a client and a server.

PPTP (Point-to-Point Tunneling Protocol) is an older VPN protocol that is no longer considered secure due to its weak encryption. L2TP (Layer 2 Tunneling Protocol) is a more secure VPN protocol that is often used in combination with IPsec. RSA is not a VPN protocol but rather a public key encryption algorithm used to secure data transmission.