What are two benefits of using NAT? (choose two)
Click on the arrows to vote for the correct answerA. B. C. D. E. F.
NAT (Network Address Translation) is a technology that modifies the source and/or destination IP addresses in IP packets as they pass through a router or firewall. This allows multiple devices on a private network to share a single public IP address, thereby conserving the public IP address space.
The benefits of using NAT are:
A. NAT protects network security because private networks are not advertised: NAT hides the IP addresses of devices on the private network from the public internet. Instead, the router or firewall translates the private IP addresses to the public IP address of the router or firewall itself. This prevents direct connections from the internet to devices on the private network, which enhances security by reducing the attack surface.
E. NAT eliminates the need to re-address all hosts that require external access: When a private network uses NAT to share a public IP address, the private IP addresses of the devices can remain unchanged. This means that there is no need to re-configure all devices on the private network when connecting to the public internet. This reduces the administrative burden of network management.
B. NAT does not accelerate the routing process because modifications are made on the packets: This statement is false. NAT requires modifications to be made on the packets, which can add processing overhead and increase latency. However, modern routers and firewalls are designed to handle NAT efficiently, so the impact on performance is typically negligible.
C. Dynamic NAT facilitates connections from the outside of the network: This statement is partially true. Dynamic NAT maps a pool of public IP addresses to a pool of private IP addresses, which allows devices on the private network to access the public internet. However, Dynamic NAT does not specifically facilitate connections from the outside of the network. Instead, it allows connections to be initiated from either the private network or the public internet.
D. NAT does not specifically facilitate end-to-end communication when IPsec is enabled: This statement is false. NAT can interfere with end-to-end communication when IPsec (Internet Protocol Security) is enabled, because IPsec relies on the original IP addresses of the devices to establish secure connections. However, NAT can be configured to work with IPsec by allowing IPsec traffic to pass through the NAT device without translation.
F. NAT does not conserve addresses through host MAC-level multiplexing: This statement is false. MAC-level multiplexing is a technique used in some network technologies, such as ATM (Asynchronous Transfer Mode), to share a single connection among multiple devices. NAT does not use MAC-level multiplexing, but it does conserve public IP addresses by allowing multiple devices on a private network to share a single public IP address.