Computer Networking Standards

Which Networking Technology is the Standard?

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Which networking Technology is currently recognized as the standard for computer networking?



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The networking technology that is currently recognized as the standard for computer networking is the Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP).

TCP/IP is a suite of communication protocols used for interconnecting network devices on the internet. It provides end-to-end connectivity, specifying how data should be formatted, addressed, transmitted, routed, and received between devices. TCP/IP consists of two primary protocols: Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) and Internet Protocol (IP).

TCP is responsible for ensuring the reliable delivery of data by establishing a connection-oriented session between the sender and receiver. It breaks data into smaller packets and sends them across the network, monitoring their delivery and requesting retransmission of any packets that are lost or corrupted.

IP is responsible for routing packets across the network to their intended destination. It provides an addressing scheme that uniquely identifies each device on the network and determines the most efficient path for data to travel between them.

TCP/IP is widely recognized as the standard for computer networking because it is an open standard that is not proprietary to any one vendor or organization. This means that any device that supports TCP/IP can communicate with any other device on the internet, regardless of their manufacturer or location.

Other networking technologies, such as System Network Architecture (SNA), Open System Interconnect (OSI), and Open Network Architecture (ONA), have been developed and used in the past. However, they have not achieved the same level of ubiquity and standardization as TCP/IP, which has become the de facto protocol suite for computer networking.